Written Testimony of the Sustainable Urban Forest Coalition to the Senate Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
April 27, 2018
The Honorable Lisa Murkowski, Chairman, Committee on Appropriations, Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
The Honorable Tom Udall, Ranking Member, Committee on Appropriations, Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
Dear Chairman Murkowski, Ranking Member Udall, and Honorable Committee Members:
The Sustainable Urban Forests Coalition (SUFC) is comprised of more than 30 national organizations and corporations representing hundreds of thousands of professionals and millions of supporters who care and support sustainable trees and green infrastructure where people live. Collectively, we are asking for your support for several programs under the Interior Subcommittee’s jurisdiction that support urban and community forests and green infrastructure.
Our nation’s 138 million acres of urban and community forest lands impact over 190 million Americans that live in these communities and are vital to creating and maintaining healthy, livable communities of all sizes by providing many scientifically proven social, economic, and environmental benefits to people. The ability to mitigate air pollution, reduce energy consumption, mitigate the heat island effect, improve human health, and reduce storm water runoff have directly or indirectly reduced costs in communities by millions of dollars. The collective value and benefits of community trees equals over $10 billion nationwide. With a projected 394 million Americans living in urbanized areas by 2050, investing in trees to create livable communities needs to happen now.
While a federal input of funds for urban forestry may be questioned because most urban forestry programs are accomplished at the state and local level, the federal support and leadership through the USFS and overarching program leverages funds ranging from 2:1 to 5:1 in projects and grants. The federal “seed” money is often the key to including these programs at the state and local level, the collaboration and leadership of the care for trees where people live every day in all sizes of communities across the country results in a cumulative national urban forest canopy that the federal government could not oversee or fund. Most smaller communities do not have the resources to practice urban tree management. The Federal funds passed through the states provides the resources to initiate their programs to manage the trees in their communities. These same funds set the bar for the management of the urban tree management in larger communities and at the state level. This reduces redundancy and sets a standard of care consistent across the nation.
SUFC greatly appreciates the leadership and support of this Subcommittee in ensuring level—and even increased —FY 2018 funding levels for these important and effective programs. We ask you to again reject the drastic cuts proposed in the President’s FY 2019 budget, particularly the zeroing out of programs like Urban and Community Forestry, Landscape Scale Restoration, and Community Forests and Open Space Conservation. Defunding or severely cutting these programs would have profound and lasting repercussions on people and communities across the country.
USDA Forest Service: State and Private Forestry
- Urban and Community Forestry Program (U&CF)
U&CF directly assists state government, nonprofit organizations and partners that manage and steward our nation’s urban and community forests. Working with the state forestry agencies, the program provides technical, financial, research, and educational support and services to local government, nonprofit organizations, community groups, educational institutions, and tribal governments.
In FY 2016, U&CF reached over 8,200 urban and rural communities and 200+ million people in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, US Territories, and affiliated Pacific Island Nations. U&CF is a high-impact program and a smart investment as federal support is often leveraged 2:1 (or in many cases significantly more) by states and partner organizations. U&CF engages citizens in cities and towns, brings together diverse partners, public and private resources, and demonstrates that federal investment can have huge and lasting impacts on communities of all sizes.
SUFC is deeply concerned by the President’s proposal to defund the U&CF program in FY 2019. Zeroing out this important program would completely erode the capacity that has been developed in cities and towns of all sizes and jeopardize many local public and private partnerships and collaborative projects in which federal assistance is essential. SUFC recommends the Urban and Community Forestry Program be funded at $31.3 million in FY 2019.
- Landscape Scale Restoration (LSR)
The LSR program strategically prioritizes resources by competitively allocating Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act funds. It focuses on targeting federal investments—leveraged by state and local resources—to areas of greatest need, highest value, or strongest innovation potential, identified in each State Forest Action Plan. Urban and community forestry projects along with other cooperative programs have been supported by LSR in the past. However, we want to ensure that LSR is not a substitute to the Urban and Community Forestry program or other cooperative programs, but a supplement. SUFC recommends funding the Landscape Scale Restoration program at $23.5 million in FY 2019.
- Community Forests and Open Space Conservation Program (CFP)
CFP has made substantial progress in preserving forests by increasing opportunities for Americans to connect with forests in their own communities and fostering new public-private partnerships. CFP has supported nearly three dozen community forest projects in cities and towns across 17 states and territories. In the latest round of CFP grants, project partners leveraged $10.6 million in federal funds to secure $34.5 million in non-federal funding, resulting in more than 15,000 acres of community forests. This impressive leveraging ratio demonstrates the willingness of local entities to match federal funding with significant commitments of funding and other resources. SUFC recommends an increase in funds to $5 million in FY 2019.
- Forest Health Management
Forests across the country are threatened by insects and disease pathogens introduced from abroad as unwanted hitchhikers on imports. The damage usually starts in urban forests because most imported goods enter this country through urban ports. As a result, municipal governments across the country are spending an estimated $3 billion each year to remove trees on city property killed by non-native pests. Homeowners are spending an additional $1 billion to remove and replace trees on their properties and are absorbing an additional $1.5 billion in reduced property values. These costs are projected to rise to more than $36 billion as pests spread. The pests do not stay in the cities, however. They spread to the rural and wildland forests and threaten their many values. While preventing introductions are the desired approach, it is essential that the U.S. Forest Service initiate programs countering these pests as soon as they are detected. Only such prompt and aggressive actions can protect public and private forests from massive pest spread and tree devastation. This program provides essential expertise and assistance to state and municipal agencies and private landowners working to prevent these pests’ spread and to develop effective strategies to minimize the damage they cause. SUFC recommends $48 million for cooperative lands programs under the Forest Health Management program.
USDA Forest Service: Forest and Rangeland Research
SUFC urges the Subcommittee to provide $303 million for the overall R&D program.
- Urban and Community Forestry Research
The Forest Service Research and Development (R&D) program provides critical financial support for urban forestry research activities to develop information and tools for understanding conditions and trends in our nation’s urban and community forests. U.S. Forest Service researchers have made huge strides in recent years through collaborative efforts to develop new tools, such as i-Tree, for mapping current tree cover, assessing trends, developing local strategies, and building greater understanding of the environmental, economic, and social services that trees and forests provide to communities. We urge the Subcommittee to continue including language in Interior Appropriations reports encouraging the Forest Service to maintain a strong and vibrant urban forest research program.
- Non-native Insects and Diseases Research
Among the major research challenges facing R&D is the destruction of our nation’s urban forests caused by non-native insects and diseases. People who value urban forests join supporters of rural and wildland forests in depending on Forest Service R&D to develop better tools for pest detection and protective strategies including chemical and biological controls and breeding of trees resistant to pests. Currently, however, Forest Service research stations allocate only about $3 million for research on non-native insects and diseases—barely more than one percent of its total budget. In the absence of a budget line item for invasive species research, we urge the Subcommittee to include language in its Interior Appropriations report encouraging the Forest Service to increase funding for research targeting non-native insects and pathogens.
- Urban Forests in Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA)
The collaborative efforts between SUFC and the U.S. Forest Service brought urban forest data into the mainstream of the agency’s national data-collection program. FIA has long provided the nation’s forest census, but it had not historically included urban areas because of its definition of forests. We ask the Subcommittee to encourage the Forest Service to continue and strengthen its efforts to integrate urban forest data into FIA so that its critical data-collection efforts address all of our nation’s forests, including our current and expanding 138 million acres of urban forest.
Environmental Protection Agency
- Clean Water State Revolving Funds (CWSRF)
Green infrastructure, including urban forests, can be a cost-effective and resilient approach to managing stormwater. The use of green infrastructure for stormwater control also provides many community co-benefits enumerated above. SUFC is pleased that EPA supports the use of green infrastructure for stormwater management and that green infrastructure is an eligible use under the CWSRF—a critical financing program for local communities investing in water infrastructure. CWSRF funding was maintained in the President’s Preliminary FY 2018 Budget proposal at the FY 2017 level of $1.394 billion. SUFC supports robust funding for CWSRF along with efforts to expand the use of green infrastructure to 20% to meet Clean Water Act goals.
The National Park Service
- Outdoor Recreation Legacy Partnership Program (ORLPP)
The State and Local
Assistance Program provides matching grants to states and localities for
protection and development of parks and recreation resources and is the primary
federal investment tool to ensure that families have easy access to urban
forests in parks and open space, and neighborhood recreation resources. This
nationally competitive program complements the existing state and local
assistance program by creating opportunities for outdoor play as well as
developing or enhancing outdoor recreation partnerships in cities. SUFC
requests $110 million for the state and local assistance program, which includes
$12 million for ORLPP.
- Alliance for Community Trees
- American Forests
- American Planning Association
- American Rivers
- American Society of Consulting Arborists
- American Society of Landscape Architects
- Arbor Day Foundation
- Bartlett Tree Foundation
- Center for Invasive Species Prevention
- City Forest Credits
- Green Infrastructure Center
- International Society of Arboriculture
- Keep America Beautiful
- National Association of Clean Water Agencies
- National Association of Conservation Districts
- National Association of Landscape Professionals
- National Association of State Foresters
- National Recreation and Park Association
- OPEI Foundation
- The Davey Foundation
- The Nature Conservancy
- Society of American Foresters
- Society of Municipal Arborists
- Student Conservation Association
- Tree Care Industry Association
- TREE Fund
- The Trust for Public Land
- Utility Arborist Association
- Water Environment Federation
- Audubon Naturalist Society
- California ReLeaf
- California Urban Forests Council
- Community Design Assistance, Virginia Tech
- Leibman Associates, Inc.
- Maryland Environmental Health Network
- Maryland Forestry Foundation
- Minnesota Shade Tree Advisory Committee
- Peninsula Urban Forestry LLC.
- Rachel Carson Council
- ReLeaf Michigan
- Shenandoah Valley Network
- The Baltimore Tree Trust
- Torrice Media
- Trees Forever
- Woodstock Tree Board